Open Access in High-Energy Physics
Scholarly communication in High-Energy Physics (HEP) shows traits very similar to Astronomy and Astrophysics: pervasiveness of Open Access to preprints through community-based services; a culture of openness and sharing among its (worldwide distributed) research community; a compact number of yearly articles published by a relatively small number of journals, dear to the community. These aspects have led to remarkable initiatives in HEP along two fronts: large-scale digital libraries, and an innovative model for the transition of its scholarly publishing to Open Access, which will be discussed in this contribution.
INSPIRE [inspirebeta.net], the next-generation digital library for HEP. Jointly run by the four leading HEP laboratories, in the US and Europe, INSPIRE has a unique role in the daily workflow of HEP scientists. It is the successor of the SPIRES platform, and in synergy with arXiv.org and leading publishers in the field is a next-generation platform for scientific information in HEP. Based on the Invenio Open Source CERN digital library software, it provides continuous access to almost 1 Million records among which 500’000 Open Access full-text documents, with existing and planned services such as citation analysis, author disambiguation, full-text search, crowdsourced curation, semantic analysis, user interaction, image mining and more
Details on a new Open Access publishing initiative, SCOAP3 [scoap3.org], will be given. SCOAP3 aims to be a central body to finance peer-review service rather than the purchase of access to information as in the traditional subscription model, with all articles in the discipline eventually available in Open Access. Sustainable funding to SCOAP3 would come from libraries, library consortia and HEP funding agencies, through a re-direction of funds currently spent for subscription to HEP journals.
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